Ones New Carthage – Carthago nova – was the jewel of Carthagian empire and capital of Carthagian possession in Hispania – todays Spain. City was founded by Phoenicians mercants who found out that local land was full of silver and other needed ore minerals. After great Punic wars – the first one – Hamilkar Barcas landed on New Carthage with his army and started to expand Carthagian territory in Spain. During his lifetime he succeeded to conquer vast areas from Spain and after him his son Hannibal Barcas continued his works.
Ancient Carthago Nova as it used to be.
And as we know Hannibal was maybe the greatest general of all times. He conquered more land and finally lead his army against Rome from Cartagena. He needed to revenge Romans the defeat and humiliation of Carthagians in first Punic wars. As we know now it did not go well for Hannibal. Even though he destroyed Romans three time totally and marched undefeated in Italy nearly 20 years, he could not beat Romans. They were like mythical beast with tens of heads. Always when Hannibal won one army the other one came against him. Finally Scipio conquered all Spain from Carthagians and it came Roman soil. Nearly 700 hundreds years Roman controlled also the city of New Carthage. They build many Roman buildings like theatres, forums and temples – some still to see. One thing I was missing was the statue of the big boy of the city – Hannibal! Because Hannibal Barcas was one of the most talented general of all times, one could expect there to be a statue of him… too bad there is none.
New Carthage was born to live with sea – it was it’s lifeline and tie to mother city Carthage.
Because of it’s origin New Carthage – these days Cartagena – is ome of the oldest cities in Spain. I was told that another city – Gadiz – is the oldets. But also Gadiz is founded by Phoenicians. Today ancient history is gone and Cartagena seem to be nice modern city in south-east Spain. It’s street are modern and clean but still one can find signs of it’s magnificent past. Even though city was born for the sea, it is beginnign to be a tourist city – not so much fishing city. But very nice city indeed. You must got here and visit it someday. Here below some photos from Caratagena – Carthago nova.
One of the main tourist cites in Cartagena – Roman theatre. Once it looked over sea but no there are high buildings between theatre and sea.
Some of the original columns and walls have been repaired to give nice atmosphere. Very nice indeed.
Theatre is actually very beautiful and located nicely. Many of the sitting rows and stairs look original.
Near Roman theatre there is another concert stage where one can actually look the sea behind. Probably this place has been chosen for it’s nice surroundings.
This is the model of actual roman theater – located in museum near ruins.
How nice it looks – and in many ways same kind of that the one for example in Merida.
Some nice artifacts from museum of Theatre.
And of course one can find a Roman road west-side of the Theatre. It has been excavated up for everybody to see.
Casa de la Fortuna is one of the old Roman houses excavated for everybody to see.
Of course the Roman house is located under earth surface today and it is in foundation on newer house. In room down below there is a model of Roman triclinum.
Now this is an interesting place – Museo de la Muralla Punica. This place is a museum where original Carthagian wall can still be seen. Or what is left of it.
Here we can see the bottom layer of walls of Carthago nova – fortified city that Hannibal once left when attacking to Rome.
In the museum there are information boards what was the construction of walls.
Inside the walls there are also strange looking crypt where some people have been buried – maybe some kind of secret cult.
Barrio del Foro Romano was once a market square in Roman times. This building complex with bathhouse, warehouses and tricliniums was part of it. These days some part of it has been excavated for people to see.
These small columns were once of part of hypocaust system what was used to heat floors of bathhouse.
In the forum museum there are several houses. This has probably been an atrium because there seems to be a kind of pool/well middel of the room.
Walking bath goes around the outside – but roofed – museum for people to see everything. Probably nearby hill there is still lot to excavate.
Like a miracle there have still been left soem pots/jars intact – after some 2000 years.
on one wall there is this masterpiece. Is that horn of plenty – cornucopia?
in the museum wall ruins there are still some nice paintings and mosaics to see.
Very of then Romans used red, yellow and white in their paintings. Here more
These delicate paintings are still looking very nice indeed.
Some mosaic floors in museum have also very nice patterns and colors.
Augusteum is located again on ground floor of one building. Here we could see ruins of old Roman temple area. Here in photo an illustration of main scenery.
Here are some temple walls still left.
And here more.
Wait a minute – what is Egyptian artifacts doing in Roman museum. Well … there was also some sub exhibition in same room. Actually very beautiful hawk – Egyptian God – Horus perhaps.
Here also very stylistic Egyptian god Anubis having a kind of dog outfit – I suppose.
Museo Arqueologico Municipal is little bit northern side of the town so I had to take a taxi. There are some local artifacts gathered in this museum.
Some local very nicely decorated vases.
Museum is built over ruins that can be seen in middle of the house.
This is it! Mineral ore what made Cartagena important – probably silver.
Very nice Roman mosaic floor in southern part of house.
I guess this is s small scale model how Cartagena looked it it’s beginning.
Here old swords found from nearby. The style of sword above tells right away that it’s origin was in Iberian or north African tribes.
Some old oil lambs from ancient times – I like them. Would actually be interesting to test how well they actually work.
Museo Nacional de Arqueologia Subacuatica is very interesting museum to see.
There are some small scale models to present ancient seafaring and naval living style.
During centuries many ships have sunken on sea bottom. Museum shows some discoveries and treasures found afterwards.
Ship lying on sea bottom.
This is a cross-section of cargo-ship. here one can see how stuff was packed to last the transport to target harbor.
In modern Cartagena street are clean and very nicely paved.
Near shoreline there are nice streets to walk and of course one can enjoy sun, blue sky and warmth.
And what would Cartagena be without blue sea and sailing ships…
Sceneries near sea on walkways are very beautiful.
The main street starts from harbor and goe wide and long through the city.
Along side main street there several cafeterias and restaurants for people to enjoy.
Also square parks seem to be very clean and carefully built.
When night comes light shine nicely over paved street and palm trees.
One of the magnificent buildings near sea shore at night.
Cartgena has these days little over 200 000 people and it is doing well – thanks for tourists. It still carries on it’s great past for days to become.