Badajoz

Some years ago I read about history of Spain and about reconquista. Also Badajoz had some lines in that book. I never thought then that I would stand some day in Badajoz. But one year later I was there standing in Alcazaba in rainy and cold morning. So my search for old culture of city could start. History of the city really begun with Romans but actually Moorish time brought it to history papers.

Badajoz is the capital city of province in Badajoz – Extremadura. It is located just some kilometers from border of Portugal beside river Guadiana. City is very nice with some 150 000 people but actually it is well known in it’s history. It used to be a Moorish kingdom – the Taifa of Badajoz. Spain was divided into small Taifas after Moors loosed united caliphate because of civil wars.

View to old city from other side of river Guardina
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Gateway to old town from new part of city
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Moorish castle of Badajoz
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Castle walls and towers are really magnificent
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The official foundation of Badajoz was laid by the Muladi nobleman Ibn Marwan, around 875
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Badajoz was in it’s heights when the Almoravids and Almohads of North Africa came and ruled in Spain. Muladi nobleman Ibn Marwan founded Badajoz and made it his central base. He came to Badajoz when he has been expelled from Mérida. In 1021 Badajoz was the capital of muslim kingdom/Taifa of Badajoz.

Market square in front of the castle. In glory days castle has been looking over the city – reminding who is in charge!
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Probably big square in front of castle was once market place
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Market place in front of castle seen from walls
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This is the border region of Portugal and Spain. Therefore also many wars have been takin place who is the owner of land.

This six sided tower is the proud of the castle. It was first introduced here and was used later on in many castles.
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On the top of the tower one can see a nest of stork.

Some information about the tower.
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Some very nice looking Christian church near castle
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Cathedral of the city – bell tower
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Then from side – Cathedral lies on one side of big square as suitable
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Of course in ancient city there are small alleys and back street – here decorated nicely with flowers.
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Here is very interestingly decorated cafeteria/bar/restaurant Nazari.
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Interior one can see typical Moorish decoration
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Very nice details.
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Bar looks tempting…
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General look of Southside of old town
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Near castle and it’s palace there is an very nice looking garden.
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Garden has lot of nice planning and it is looking over city towards east.
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Some nice looking bushes.
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Castle – Alcazaba as they say – is on high hill. Landscape goes down from the castle garden to east.
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There was also a nice local museum telling about the region. It had also lot of artifacts about Roman history. They were here before Moors.
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Some typical Roman mosaics.
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About the castle. It is typical but very large Moorish castle. It has Moorish type of gates where it was very difficult to enter without permission.
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Castle walls reach a long way alongside river and thus held the region under it’s control.
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Walls have now and then towers which help the control
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Especially towers in front are magnificent
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In the square beside castle towers looks majestic
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There is some lonely statue in the square. Who is he?
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Well it’s raining on May and weather is surprisingly cold.
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Still – square is very colorful – I stopped in small restaurant on south side to have some coffee and sandwich.
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Nice porticoes on north side of market square
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Colorful houses on south side of square. Yess – I am leaving to Merida…
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Well maybe it is good to mention that also Napoleon had his defences here as artillery towers.
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