In Zagreb there is an Archeological museun which is presenting local history. Beside museum there is a nice terrace cafeteria surrounded statues like this one. A Roman warrior – unfortunately without head.
Already very early city of Rome started to conquer Dalmatia and at 86 BC whole coast of Dalmatia was conquered. little Byt little Roman army pushed it might to inlands. At 9 AD whole Greece and Macedonia were taken by Romans. At times of Augustus Rome conquered Pannonia towards inland. At time of Trajan (AD 116) Dacians were beaten and Pannonia (superior and inferior), Moesia and Thrace were attached tightly to Rome. So more or less the region that is now Croatia was then part of Rome.
But long before Roman times there was another power Group also in Pannonia – namely Celts! Here is a Celtic helmet found in Croatia with nice decorations. Astonishly reminding a lot for Roman legionary helmet. On the other hand it is not wonder because different tribes had connections to each others.
Another simple but functionally efficient helmet of Celtic tribes. It is now well known that Celtic tribes spread widely over middle and eastern Europe of today. Even in Turkey they had a stronghold for some time.
Many people remember Roman soldiers with iron plate armor. However it came to use only after some AD 50. Before that – for example Gallic wars – Roman used chainmail armor. Both are very protective but especially plate armor makes soldier like a steel tank. No wonder that many barbaric tribes were beated badly, because they could not resist so professional and well equiopped Roman army.
Here one sees clearly how plate armor Works. Each plate can yield and move in relation to other plates, which means that they don’t limit soldiers moves when in compat. And believe me – this kind of plate armor makes Roman legionary superior to other Warriors.
Here are also special weapons left by Romans – four horn spikes. Coveniently they always lie in ground one sharp horn upwards. When one sows spikes in front of defensive line, it is very difficult to attack over it.
In this photo there are several pilum spearheads. As one can see those were some one meter long and thin. This meant that they many times were bent in battles. But after battles blacksmiths could take them off from spear skeleton and straight them again. So actually they were very handy. And once they penetrated through enemy shield they were very dificutl to get rid of. Usually one had to give up shield.