Roman artifacts in Zagreb museum

In Zagreb there is an Archeological museun which is presenting local history. Beside museum there is a nice terrace cafeteria surrounded statues like this one. A Roman warrior – unfortunately without head.

A gravestone of some noble family in Roman style. Very impressing!

In courty-yard there is also nice cutted marble stone erected once to honour some Roman.

This nice statue is just opposite to door to museum. Looks more like Hellenic god. Maybe Hercules!

Already very early city of Rome started to conquer Dalmatia and at 86 BC whole coast of Dalmatia was conquered. little Byt little Roman army pushed it might to inlands. At 9 AD whole Greece and Macedonia were taken by Romans. At times of Augustus Rome conquered Pannonia towards inland. At time of Trajan (AD 116) Dacians were beaten and Pannonia (superior and inferior), Moesia and Thrace were attached tightly to Rome. So more or less the region that is now Croatia was then part of Rome.

But long before Roman times there was another power Group also in Pannonia – namely Celts! Here is a Celtic helmet found in Croatia with nice decorations. Astonishly reminding a lot for Roman legionary helmet. On the other hand it is not wonder because different tribes had connections to each others.

My series of different Celtic helmets goes on. Here maybe more ordinary helmet type for Celts. Before Romans Celts were the biggest and most powerfull tribe in Europe.

Here again nice Celtic helmet found in Croatia. Also Celts had different helmet types depending the era, regional culture and location.

This next one is a typical Roman legionary helmet. Probably leftovers from some Pannonian campaign that Romans had against some local tribes.

Another simple but functionally efficient helmet of Celtic tribes. It is now well known that Celtic tribes spread widely over middle and eastern Europe of today. Even in Turkey they had a stronghold for some time.

This Celtic helmets had a long visor on backside. It was ment to give protection for Warriors neck, which was important in close combat when lines get mixed to each others.

And here a portrait of typical celt warrior with a long shield, spear and long sword.

This artifact looks like a Eagle sign of legion. Though it is not certain. Anyways very nice peace of relic of Roman armies, which once stamped Croatian ground.

Many people remember Roman soldiers with iron plate armor. However it came to use only after some AD 50. Before that – for example Gallic wars – Roman used chainmail armor. Both are very protective but especially plate armor makes soldier like a steel tank. No wonder that many barbaric tribes were beated badly, because they could not resist so professional and well equiopped Roman army.

Here one sees clearly how plate armor Works. Each plate can yield and move in relation to other plates, which means that they don’t limit soldiers moves when in compat. And believe me – this kind of plate armor makes Roman legionary superior to other Warriors.

Here are also special weapons left by Romans – four horn spikes. Coveniently they always lie in ground one sharp horn upwards. When one sows spikes in front of defensive line, it is very difficult to attack over it.

In museum there were many brooches of Roman times. Here some nice examples probably used by legionaries to keep wool cloak in cold evenings.

Every where Romans went one can find hundreds of oil lambs. They are my favourites. I always take lot of photos about them and I always wonder how many different types Romans created.

Where ever Roman army went they needed to drink and eat. Here are some examples about tools they used – cups and dippers.

These weapons have been laying in grouns many years. Still one can see typical Roman equipment – Gladius-sword, dagger – puglia, some buckles and plates of belt.

In this photo there are several pilum spearheads. As one can see those were some one meter long and thin. This meant that they many times were bent in battles. But after battles blacksmiths could take them off from spear skeleton and straight them again. So actually they were very handy. And once they penetrated through enemy shield they were very dificutl to get rid of. Usually one had to give up shield.

This helmet is also from Roman period though rather strange looking. Probably it belonged to Celts.

A nice sword from time when Rome separated to West and East Rome.

Even those Roman army was remarkable Romans could also relax. Into conquered lands they built nice villas.

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